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Arnold School of Public Health
University of South Carolina
921 Sumter Street
Columbia, SC 29208

Phone: 803-777-5032
Fax: 803-777-4783



Jihong     Liu  Sc.D.
Associate Professor

Discovery I, 459
915 Greene Street
Columbia, SC 29208

Phone: (803) 777-6854
Fax: (803) 777-2524
Email: jliu@mailbox.sc.edu

Biographical Information:
2003, Sc.D., Harvard School of Public Health

Honors and Recognitions
  • Delta Omega Honorary Society in Public Health (Mu Chapter), 2012
  • Young Professional Achievement Award, National Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Epidemiology Awards sponsored by CDC and the 15 national health organizations, 2006
  • CDC/HRSA MCH Epidemiology Fellowship, 2003-2005
  • Distinction in Teaching, Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, 2003
  • Predoctoral Dissertation Fellowship in Social Science, The Population Council, 2000-2001
Perinatal epidemiology, obesity and physical activity in mothers and children, health disparities, reproductive health, international health
"Promoting Healthy Weight in Pregnancy and Postpartum among Overweight/Obese Women" (MPI: Liu J, Wilcox S), funded by NICHD, the National Institute of Health (1R01HD078407), 8/2014-4/2019

"Maternal Methylmercury exposure through rice ingestion and offspring neurodevelopment." (PI: Rothenberg S, Co-I, Liu J). Funded by NIEHS, the National Institute of Health (R15ES022409), 5/2013-5/2015.

"Evaluating geographical accessibility of health services and facilities among women with and without gestational diabetes." (PI: Liu J), funded by USC Intramural funding 05/2013-05/2015.

"Promoting healthy weight in pregnancy and postpartum among overweight/obese African American women" (MPI: Liu J, Wilcox S), funded by NICHD, the National Institute of Health (R21 HD061885-01A1), 9/2010-9/2012.

"Influences of immigrant status and acculturation on obesity among US Mexican American children and adolescents." (PI: Liu J), funded by Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), 2/1/2010-1/31/2011.

"Diet and physical activity as risk factors for childhood obesity: An urban and rural Comparison." (PI: Liu J), funded by Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) through South Carolina Rural Health Research Center, 09/2008-09/2010.

"Long-term effect of social environments on activity patterns and overweight among U.S. adolescents" (PI), funded by Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), 2/1/2008 – 1/31/2009.
Courses Taught:
EPID 701 Concepts and Methods in Epidemiology
EPID 741 Advanced Methods in Epidemiology
EPID 742 Epidemiological Concepts in Selected Diseases
EPID 745 Seminar in Epidemiology
EPID 765 Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology
EPID 799 Thesis preparation
EPID 790 Independent study
EPID 845 Doctoral Seminar
EPID 890 Independent study / Teaching Practicum
EPID 899 Dissertation Preparation

Dr. Liu also regularly lectures in the following classes:
EPID 742, Epidemiologic Concepts in Selected Diseases or Health Conditions
EPID 763, Nutritional Epidemiology
EPID 801, Epidemiologic Methods III
EPID 745, Master Seminar in Epidemiology
HPEB 621, Maternal and Child Health Education
HPEB 620, Nutrition through the life cycle
HSPM J 772, International Health
HSPM J 800, Doctoral seminar

Selected Publications:

(underlined are student authors)

Huang LS, Liu J, Feng LP, Chen Y, Zhang J, Wang WY. Maternal prepregnancy obesity is associated with higher risk of placental pathological lesions. Placenta. In Press.

Hossain MM, Lawson AB, Cai B, Choi J, Liu J, Kirby RS. Space-time Areal Mixture Model: Relabeling Algorithm and Model Selection Issues. Environmetrics. In Press.

Liu JX, Sui X, Lavie CJ, Zhou H, Park YM, Cai B, Liu J, Blair SN. Effects of cardiorespiratory fitness on blood pressure trajectory with aging in a cohort of healthy men. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. In Press.

Liu J, Wilcox S, Whitaker K, Blake C, Addy C. Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy and promoting postpartum weight loss: A pilot lifestyle intervention for overweight and obese African American women. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 2014 Jul 23. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID 25051907.

Harris ST, Liu J, Wilcox S, Moran R, Gallagher A. Physical activity during pregnancy and its association with gestational weight gain. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2014 June 10. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24912945.

Sohi I, Bell BA, Liu J, Battersby SE, Liese AD. Differences in food environment perceptions and shopping behaviors between residents of low versus high food access areas. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014 Jul-Aug; 46(4):241-9. PMID: 24560861.

Ma XG, Liu J, Smith M. WIC participation and breastfeeding in South Carolina: Updates from PRAMS 2009-2010. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2014 Jul;18(5): 1271-1279. PMID: 24057992.

Liu J, Gallagher A, Carta CM, Torres ME, Moran R, Wilcox S. Racial differences in gestational weight gain and pregnancy-related hypertension. Annals of Epidemiology. 2014 Jun; 24(6): 441-7. PMID: 24685832.

Cavicchia P, Liu J, Adams SA, Steck SE, Hussey JR, Daguise VG, Hebert JR. Proportion of gestational diabetes mellitus attributable to overweight and obesity among non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, and Hispanic women in South Carolina. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2014 Feb 15. PMID: 24531925 [Epub ahead of print]

Barry VW, Baruth M, Beets MW, Durstine JL, Liu J, Blair SN. Fitness vs. fatness on all-cause mortality: a meta-analysis. Progress in Cardiovascular Disease. 2014 Jan-Feb;56(4), 382-390. PMID: 24438729.

Hannum E, Liu J, Frongillo EA. Poverty, food insecurity and nutritional deprivation in rural China: Implications for children’s literacy achievement. International Journal of Educational Development.2014.34:90-97.

Jukic AZ, Lawlor DA, Juhl M, Owe KM, Lewis B, Liu J, Wilcox AJ, Longnecker MP. The association of physical activity during pregnancy with language development in the offspring. Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 2013 May; 27(3): 283-93. PMID 23574417.

Liu J, Sun H, Beets M, Probst JC. Assessing natural groupings of common leisure-time physical activities and its correlates among US adolescents. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2013 May; 10(4): 470-9. PMID: 22820608.

Goodrich K, Cregger M, Wilcox S, Liu J. A qualitative study of factors affecting pregnancy weight gain in African American women. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 2013, Apr; 17(3): 432-40. PMID 22527762.

Cai B, Lawson A, Monir H, Choi J, Russell K, Liu J. Bayesian semiparametric model with spatially-temporally varying coefficients selection. Statistics in Medicine. 2013 Mar 25. PMID: 23526312. [Epub ahead of print].

Cavicchia PP, Adams SA, Steck S, Hussey JR, Liu J, Daguise V, Hebert JR. Racial disparities in incident colorectal cancer risk by type 2 diabetes mellitus status in high risk population. Cancer Causes and Control. 2013 Feb; 24(2): 277-85. PMID: 23197224

Byun W, Liu J, Pate RR. Association between objectively-measured sedentary behavior and BMI in preschool children. International Journal of Obesity. 2013 Jan 15. [Epub ahead of print), PMID: 23318716

Trivedi T, Liu J, Probst JC, Martin AB. The Metabolic Syndrome: Are rural residents at increased risk? Journal of Rural Health. 2013. 29(2): 188-97. PMID: 23551649

McMahon DM, Liu J, Zhang H, Torres ME, Best RE. Maternal obesity, folate intake, and neural tube defects in offspring. Birth Defects Research. 2013 Feb; 97 (2): 115-22. PMID: 23404872

Gallagher A, Liu J, Probst JC, Martin AB, Hall JW. Maternal Obesity and gestational weight gain in rural versus urban dwelling women in South Carolina. Journal of Rural Health. 2013 29(1):1-11. PMID 23289649

Lin M, Sappenfield W, Hernandez L, Clark C, Liu J, Collins J, Carle A. Individual- and State-Level Characteristics Associated with Preventive Dental Care Access among U.S. Children of 5-17 years of age. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2012 Dec; 16 Suppl 2: 320-9. PMID: 22935910

Singh GK, Liu J. Health improvements have been more rapid and widespread in China than in India: An analysis of trends from 1960 to 2011. International Journal of MCH and AIDS, 2012, 1(1): 31-48.

Soto-Ramirez N, Karmaus W, Zhang H, Liu J, Billings D, Gangur V. Amrol D, Costa K, Davis S, Goetzl L. Fatty acids in breast milk associated with asthma-like symptoms and atopy in infancy: a longitudinal study. Journal of Asthma. 2012. Nov; 49(9): 926-34. PMID: 22991928

Liu J, Jones SJ, Sun H, Probst JC, Merchant AT, Cavicchia P. Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for childhood obesity: An urban and rural comparison. Childhood Obesity. 2012. 8(5): 440-448. PMID: 23061499

Sui X, Jackson AS, Church TS, Lee DC, O'Connor DP, Liu J, Blair SN. Effects of cardiorespiratory fitness on aging-glucose trajectory in a cohort of healthy men. Annals of Epidemiology. 2012. 22(9), 617-22. PMID: 22763087

Soto-Ramirez N, Karmaus W, Yousefi M, Zhang H, Liu J, Gangur V. Maternal immune markers in serum during gestation and in breast milk and the risk of asthma-like symptoms at ages 6 and 12 months: a longitudinal study. Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology. 2012. Jul 17; 8(1): 11.PMID: 22805009

Choi J, Lawson AB, Cai B, Hossain MM, Kirby RS, Liu J. A Bayesian latent model with spatio-temporally varying coefficients in low birth weight incidence data. Stat Methods Med Res. 2012, 21(5), 445-456, PMID 22534428

Lawson AB, Choi J, Cai B, Hossain M, Kirby RS, Liu J. Bayesian 2-stage space-time mixture modeling with spatial misalignment of the exposure in small area health data. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics. 2012 September, 17(3), 417-441.

Hale NL, Probst JC, Liu J., Bennett KJ, Brock-Martin A, Glover S. Postpartum Screening for Diabetes among Medicaid Eligible South Carolina Women with Gestational Diabetes. Women's Health Issues. 2012 Mar; 22(2): e163-9. PMID 21963202.

Westgarth C, Liu J., Heron J, Ness A. Bundred P, Gaskell RM, Coyne K, German AJ, McCune S, Dawson S. Dog ownership during pregnancy, maternal activity, and obesity: a cross-sectional study. PLoS One. 2012.7(2): e31315. PMID 22355356.

Liu J., Chu YH, Frongillo EA, Probst JC. Higher Generational and Acculturation Status are associated with Poorer Diet and Greater Body Weight Among Mexican American Adolescents. Journal of Nutrition. 2012 Feb; 142(2): 298-305. PMID: 22223572.

Smith M, Liu J., Helms KH, Wilkerson KL. Racial differences in trends and correlates of infant sleep positions in South Carolina, 1996-2007. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2012 Jan, 16(1):72-82. PMID: 21165764.

Kirby RS, Liu J., Lawson AB, Choi JS, Cai B, Hossain M. Spatio-temporal patterning of small area low birth weight incidence and its correlates: A latent spatial structure approach. Spatial Statistics and Epidemiology. 2011, Dec; 2(4): 265-271. PMID: 22125586.

Hale NL, Probst JC, Liu J., Bennett KJ, Brock-Martin A, Glover S. Variations in Excessive Fetal Growth Across Levels of Prenatal Care among Women with Gestational Diabetes. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health. 2011, 2(4): 255-261.

Ogbuanu CA, Glover SH, Probst JC, Liu J., Hussey J. The effect of maternity leave and time of return to work on breastfeeding. Pediatics. 2011. Jun; 127(6): e1414-27. PMID: 21624878

Liu J., Blair SN, Teng Y, Ness A, Lawlor D, Riddoch C. Physical activity during pregnancy in a prospective cohort of British women: Results from Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), European Journal of Epidemiology. 2011. 26(3): 237-247. PMID: 21191632.

Kim J, Liu J., Colabianchi N, Pate RR. The role of perceived and structural neighborhood conditions on adolescent’s physical activity and sedentary behaviors. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2010. Oct; 164 (10): 945-42. PMID: 20921351

Liu J., Kim J, Colabianchi N, Ortaglia A, Pate RR. Co-varying patterns of physical activity and sedentary behavior patterns and their long-term maintenance among adolescents. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2010; 7: 465-474. PMID: 20683088

Lobelo F, Liese AD, Liu J., Mayer-Davis EJ, D’Agostino R Jr, Pate RR, Hamman RF, Dabelea D. Physical activity and electronic media use in the SEARCH for diabetes in youth case-control study. Pediatrics. 2010. Jun; 125 (6): e1364-71. PMID: 20457683.

Liu J., Mayer-Davis EJ, Pate RR, Gallagher A, Bacon J. Physical activity during pregnancy is associated with reduced fasting insulin – The Pilot Pregnancy and Active Living Study. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010. Oct; 23(10): 1249-52. PMID: 20230322.

Liu J., Smith MG, Dobre MA, Ferguson JE. Maternal obesity and breastfeeding practices among white and black women. Obesity. 2010; 18(1): 175-82. PMID: 19521347

Liu J., Probst JC, Harun N, Bennett KJ, Torres ME. Acculturation, physical activity and obesity among Hispanic adolescents. Ethnicity and Health. 2009; 14(5): 509-525. PMID:

Liu J., Bennett KJ, Harun N, Probst JC. Urban-rural differences in overweight status and physical inactivity among US children aged 10-17 years. Journal of Rural Health, 2008; 24(4): 407-15. PMID: 19007396

Liu, J., J.N. Laditka, E.J. Mayer-Davis, R.R. Pate (2008). Does physical activity during pregnancy reduce risk of gestational diabetes among previously inactive women? Birth, 35 (3): 189-196

Salihu HM, Lynch O, Alio AP, J. Liu (2008). Obesity subtypes and risk of spontaneous versus medically indicated preterm in singletons and twins. American Journal of Epidemiology, 168 (1): 13-20.

Samuels, R.C., J. Liu, L. Sofis, and J.S. Palfrey (2008). Immunization Rates in Children with Special Health Care Needs in a Medical Home Model of Care. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 12(3): 357-362.

Hannum, E., JR. Behrman, M. Wang, and J. Liu (2008). Eduation in the Reform Era. In China’s Great Economic Transformation, Loren Brandt and Thomas G. Rawski (Eds), NY: Cambridge University Press. Chapter 7, 215-249.

Liu, J., J.C., Probst, A.B. Martin, J.Y. Wang and C.F. Salinas (2007). Disparities in dental insurance coverage and dental care among US children, the 2003 National Survey of Children’s Health. Pediatrics, 119 Suppl 1: S12-21.

Liu, J., K.D. Rosenberg, and A.P. Sandoval (2006). Breastfeeding Duration and Perinatal Cigarette Smoking in a Population-based Cohort. American Journal of Public Health. 96(2), 309-314.

Rosenberg, K.D., J.K. DeMunter, and J. Liu (2005). Emergency Contraception in Emergency Department, Oregon, 2003. American Journal of Public Health, 95(8), 1453-7.

Hannum, E. and J. Liu (2005). Adolescent Transitions to Adulthood in Reform-Era China. In The Changing Transitions to Adulthood in Developing Countries: Selected Studies. JR Behman, CB Lloyd, NP Stromquist, and B Cohen (Eds.), Washington, DD: The National Academies Press, Chapter 9, 270-319.

Liu, J., U. Larsen, and G. Wyshak (2005). Prevalence of Primary Infertility in China: In-depth Analyses of Infertility Differentials in Three Province/Autonomous Regions. Journal of Biosocial Science, 37, 55-74.

Yusem, S.H., K.D. Rosenberg, L. Dixon-Gray, and J. Liu (2004). Public Health Nursing Acceptance of the 5 A’s Protocol for Prenatal Smoking Cessation. California Journal of Health Promotion. Vol. 2. Special Issue: Oregon. 1-10.

Liu, J., G. Wyshak, and U. Larsen (2004). Physical Well-being and School Enrollment: A Comparison of Adopted and Biological Children in One-child Families in China. Social Science & Medicine, 59 (3), 609-623.

Palfrey, J., L.A. Sofis, E.J. Davidson, J. Liu, L. Freeman, and M.L. Ganz (2004). The Pediatric Alliance for Coordinated Care: Evaluation of A Medical Home Model. Pediatrics, 113: 1507-1516.

Liu, J., U. Larsen, and G. Wyshak (2004). Factors Affecting Adoption in China in the Period 1950 – 1987. Population Studies, 58 (1), 21-36.

Rahman, M.O. and J. Liu (2000). Gender Differences in Functioning for Older Adults in Rural Bangladesh. Journals of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 55(1), January, M28-M33.